Large carnivore and prey status in Phen Wildlife Sanctuary, Madhya Pradesh, India
In recent times conservation efforts have been targeted towards tigers due to their dwindling status. Though tiger is an apex species in the food web of most of the terrestrial ecosystem and conservation of tiger as umbrella species provide safe guard to the overall ecosystem, our understanding on cascading effect of human induced changes to populations of this carnivore species is negligible (Smith et al., 2003). Leopards which occur sympatrically with tigers, also faces threats from habitat loss, intense poaching for body parts and has resulted in decline in their population. Also lack of estimation of population size of these large carnivores makes it difficult for taking appropriate conservation actions.