The Energy Report – Kerala: 100% Renewable Energy by 2050

Posted on
16 January 2014
 This project is an attempt to model the energy requirement (across power, transport, agriculture, industry, domestic and commercial sectors) of Kerala up to 2050 in order to assess the feasibility of meeting 100 per cent of the state’s energy demand with renewable sources.

The approach to the study involves four steps:

a. Assessing renewable energy (RE) supply potential over the projection time frame.
b. Modelling of a business-as–usual (BAU) demand scenario.
c. Modelling of a curtailed demand scenario to assess maximum potential for demand reduction through focused measures in energy conservation (EC), energy efficiency (EE) and carrier substitution (CS). Carrier substitution is considered when the end use activity is transferred from one energy carrier to another (for example, from transport fuel to electricity, diesel pumps to electric or solar pumps, etc).
d. Matching the supply options with curtailed demand across ­­energy carriers for electricity, heat and transport fuels.

The central finding of the study is that Kerala can meet over 95 per cent of its energy demand with renewable sources by 2050.

On a broad level, the project findings indicate that while the existing pattern of growth (BAU growth) would lead to overdependence on fossil fuels, aggressive interventions in energy efficiency, energy conservation and carrier substitution can curtail demand significantly. More importantly, the curtailed demand scenario has the potential to drastically reduce the state’s dependence of fossil fuels to achieve a near 100 per cent RE supply by 2050.


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