1. Imperilled custodians of the night: A study on illegal trade and trapping of owls in India (PDF, 7.4 MB) Abrar Ahmed. (2010). TRAFFIC India / WWF India. 76pp. ISBN 978-1-85850-243-4. This report focuses on documenting what is known about owls in trade in India; the trapping methods used, utilization patterns and the tribes & communities that are involved. Download
  2. Fraudulence in Indian Live Bird Trade: An Identification Monograph for Control of Illegal Trade (Scanned PDF, 3.2 MB) Abrar Ahmed. (September 1999). 24pp. Download
  3. The Impact of Nest Collection on the Edible-nest Swiftlet Collocalia fuciphaga in the Andaman & Nicobar Islands (Scanned PDF, 3 MB) R. Sankaran (1998). 41pp. TRAFFIC India report published in collaboration with R. Sankaran. Download
  4. Live Bird Trade in Northern India (Scanned full report - warning 24 MB) Abrar Ahmed (September 1997). 104pp. Download
  5. Impact assessment of nest collection on the Edible-nest Swiftlet in the Nicobar Islands (Scanned PDF, 1.5 MB) R. Sankaran. (1995). 26pp. Download


  1. The Future of Sharks: A Review of Action and Inaction (PDF, 1.1 MB) by M. Lack and Sant G. (2011). TRAFFIC International and the Pew Environment Group. This analysis uses fisheries information provided to the UN FAO to identify the top 20 shark-catching countries and other entities, and then assesses whether they have taken the management and conservation measures they agreed to in 2001. Download
  2. Gentle Giants of the Sea: India's Whale Shark Fishery (scanned PDF, 3.6 MB) Fahmeeda Hanfee. (January 2001). 38pp. Report on trade in Whale Shark off the Gujarat coast. Published by: TRAFFIC India and WWF-India Download
  3. Trade in Sharks and Shark Products in India: A preliminary survey (scanned PDF, 4 MB) Fahmeeda Hanfee. (May 1997). 50pp Download
  4. An Overview of World Trade in Sharks and Other Cartilaginous Fishes (Scanned PDF, 5.7 MB) Debra A. Rose (December 1996). 106pp. ISBN 1 85850 114 8 (ISBN 978 1 85850 114 7). This report presents an overview of the findings of regional TRAFFIC studies in Europe, India, East and southern Africa, Southeast Asia, East Asia, Oceania and North and South America. It highlights the fisheries, shark products in trade, and the processing, preparation and use of these products in domestic and international markets. It also discusses the management and conservation implications of this trade. Download
  5. The international trade in seahorses (Scanned PDF, 10.9 MB) Amanda C.J. Vincent. (June 1996). 160pp. ISBN 1 85850 098 2 (ISBN 978 1 85850 098 0). The global trade in seahorses involves more than 20 million seahorses and 32 countries and territories each year. This report provides an overview of the trade, with an emphasis on China, Hong Kong, India, Indonesia, the Philippines, Taiwan, and Vietnam. It presents information on fishing methods, trade routes, volumes and values of the seahorses in trade, the key players and the issues of concern. Download


  1. Illuminating the blind spot: A Study on Illegal Trade in Leopard Parts in India (2001-2010) (PDF, 3.3 MB). 38pp. ISBN 978-1-85850-254-0. (2012). TRAFFIC India. A study on the illegal trade in Leopard parts in India with an aim to provide, firstly, indicators of the severity of the trade in Leopard parts in India, and secondly, to identify regions where effective and enhanced enforcement measures will help to have a significant impact in curbing this trade. Download
  2. Fading Footprints: The Killing and Trade of Snow Leopards (1.4 MB) Stephanie Theile. (August 2003). 72pp. ISBN 1 85850 201 2 (ISBN 978 1 85850 201 4). Snow Leopards, in a genus of their own, are endangered big cats. Surveys of trade in Snow Loepards were conducted in Mongolia and Pakistan, and information was collected by consultants in India and the Russian Federation during 2002. The results clearly show that Snow Leopards and their parts are traded in all range States, with the possible exception of Bhutan. In the large majority of cases, this trade is illegal. Download
  3. Trade in Musk and Bear Bile in India: A TRAFFIC India Study in the areas of Sikkim, Darjeeling Gorkha Hill Council and Arunachal Pradesh Field Investigator: Sunil Subba. Facilitators: Dr. Ravikant Avasthe, Soumen Dey. July 2000. 41pp. Download
  4. An Assessment of the Domestic Ivory Carving Industry and Trade Controls in India (680 KB) February 2003.32pp. ISBN 1 85850 199 7 (ISBN 978 1 85850 199 4). Prepared by: TRAFFIC India. TRAFFIC Online Report Series No.7 Download


  1. Saving Plants that Save Lives and Livelihoods: International Standard for Sustainable Wild Collection of Medicinal and Aromatic Plants (ISSC-MAP) (1.2 MB) (2007) 2pp. TRAFFIC Factsheet Download
  2. CITES Listed Medicinal Plants of India: An Identification Manual (Scanned PDF - Part 1 (6.2 MB) and Part 2 (16 MB)) Ritwick Dutta, Pushp Jain. (October 2000). 85pp. Published by: TRAFFIC India and WWF-India.
  3. Cultivation of Medicinal Plants in India A reference book (WARNING: scanned PDF, 35 MB) Dr. Ramesh Chandra Uniyal, Dr. Maya Ram Uniyal and Pushp Jain. (September 2000). 161pp. Published by: TRAFFIC India and WWF- India. Download

Reptiles and Amphibians

  1. Turtle Trade in India: A study of freshwater turtles (Scanned PDF, 2.4 MB) B.C. Choudhury, S. Bhupathy. (October 1993). 50pp Download

workshop proceedings

Proceedings of First National Workshop on Capacity Building for Combating Wildlife Crime in India: The National Workshop on Capacity Building for Combating Wildlife Crime in India was held from 4-6 February 2016 at the Tamil Nadu Forest Academy, Coimbatore, Tamil Nadu. The National Workshop organised by TRAFFIC, a global wildlife trade monitoring network, in partnership with the Tamil Nadu Forest Department, Tamil Nadu Forest Academy (TNFA), Wildlife Crime Control Bureau (WCCB), and WWF-India was the first of its kind in India where representatives from various wildlife law enforcement agencies from all over India underwent training to enhance their knowledge and skills for curbing poaching and illegal wildlife trade. The workshop was also an important forum for discussions on development of a national level strategy and protocols for combating wildlife crime.  Download the complete report here.
Proceedings for Consultative Workshop on Sustainable Trade, Standards and Certification in Medicinal and Aromatic Plants in India: The Consultative Workshop on Sustainable Trade, Standards and Certification in Medicinal and Aromatic Plants in India was held on 29 March 2016 at the WWF-India Secretariat in New Delhi. The one day workshop was attended by various stakeholders of the medicinal and aromatic plants industry in India including corporate, academia, government and non government organizations. The objective of the workshop was to improve the understanding of standards and certification schemes with a focus on FairWild- a wild plan sustainable harvesting Standard- and to develop a shared vision and action plan for the uptake of sustainable wild harvesting and trade measures in India. Download the report here.

Other resources

TRAFFIC India’s Handbook on Wildlife Law Enforcement in India is a comprehensive and detailed publication on wildlife trade and crime and aims to support efforts of various enforcement agencies. The handbook was launched in February 2010 by Shri Jairam Ramesh Hon. Minister of Environment and Forests, Government of India. It is available free of cost for wildlife law enforcement organizations, institutions, educational institutes and judiciary.

TRAFFIC India with support from Advocate Saurabh Sharma has developed a booklet on Important Aspects of Investigation in Wildlife Offences. The booklet attempts to pull together various aspects of investigation into wildlife offences as per the legal procedures prevalent in India.
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