What we do
- testing a flexible package of Better Management Practices (BMP) for sugarcane & cotton in the local context to show reduced water, pesticide and inorganic fertilizer use, and to increase the gross margin of farmers.
- working with farmers to encourage adoption and understand the problems arising
- publicizing the approaches widely and enabling further adoption.
- supporting BMP adoption and improved water basin management
- encouraging demand for better cotton and sugar within international framework
The Sustainable Sugarcane Initiative
- The project intervention resulted shift from high resource inputs to optimum input among the farmers cultivating sugarcane.
- Due to improved water management practices, there has been a reduction of water consumption of almost 40%.
- There has been a substantial increase in sugarcane yield for the farmers practicing BMPs thereby reflecting improvement in gross margin of farmer.
- A significant improvement in cane quality has also been observed
- Dissemination of technical knowledge resulted in skill development of village resource persons
Sustainable Cotton Initiative
India Sustainable Cotton Initiative Phase-I was initiated in Warangal district of Andhra Pradesh in the year 2006. Andhra Pradesh uses one fourth of pesticide, consumed in India and Warangal stands second in pesticide consumption in Andhra Pradesh.
Warangal lies in Godavari river basin, which is a WWF-Priority area. Godavari River is a major drinking and irrigation water source for six states of India where cotton is a majorly cultivated commercial crop.
The data from the survey in the year 2008-09 shows that:
- The fertilizer use was reduced to 15 -30%
- The Chemical pesticide use was reduced to 93.8% in non Bt and 49.4% in Bt 48.8%
- The irrigated water use was reduced by 51%
- The cost benefit ratio in BMP cotton is increased to 2.13 from 1.66
The project started in a micro river basin, chalivaagu basin in Shyampet, Regonda mandal (sub administration units in a district) of Warangal. The project is promoting Better Management Practices in 28 villages, with 1372 farmers (as in 2009).
Cotton grower, 25, in the village of Nizampally
Major Achievements (Phase –I)
- WWF-India with the support of local NGO, MARI (Modern Architects for Rural India) mobilized farmers to attend the Farmer Field Schools through which the BMPs are demonstrated.
- The project encouraged and educated farmers to become members of farmer groups at village level to build linkages with the market and sustain the BMPs at field level. The Society is legally registered and conducts its meetings and trainings according to a schedule.
M&S is working with WWF to implement a cotton field project in India.This project will demonstrate the environmental, social and economic benefits of adopting Better Management Practices (BMP's) by reducing the use of pesticides, water and chemical fertilisers.