Biocapacity is the area of biologically productive land and water on Earth that is available to meet people’s needs.
Nature's regenerative capacity
It takes into account two factors:
1. The area available for:
- cropland for producing food, fibre and biofuels
- grazing land for animal products such as meat, milk, leather and wool
- coastal and inland fishing grounds
- forests, which both provide wood and can absorb CO2.
- measured by how much the crops or trees growing on it yield per hectare.
Biocapacity is not spread evenly around the world
Over half the world’s biocapacity is found within the borders of just 10 countries:
- the United States
- the Russian Federation