Freshwater Living Planet Index
28% decline between 1970 and 2003
The Freshwater Living Planet Index shows a approximately 28% decline in the period between 1970 and 2003.
Temperate and Tropical Freshwater Lliving Planet Indices
Tropical and Temperate species populations declined by about 30% overall between 1970 and 2003. Freshwater birds appear to have relatively stabilised while other freshwater species have declined on an average by about 50%.
Causes of Decline
|Some of the main causes of decline in Freshwater Living Planet Index are: habitat destruction, overfishing, invasive species, pollution, and the disruption of river systems for water supplies.
Alteration and damming of river systems for industrial and domestic use, irrigation, and hydroelectric power have fragmented more than half of the world's large river systems. Worldwide, the amount of water stored in reservoirs behind dams is 3 to 6 times the quantity contained in rivers.