Manas National Park
© Surajit Baruah/WWF-India

Key contact:

Archita B  Bhattacharyya
WWF India Assam & Arunachal Pradesh State Office
202, Meghmallar House,
F.C. Road, Uzan Bazar,
Assam 781 001
Telefax:  0361-2634654 Email:  abaruah@wwfindia.net  
North Eastern region of India consisting of eight states of Assam, Arunachal Pradesh, Manipur, Meghalaya, Mizoram, Nagaland, Tripura and Sikkim is known for its rich biological and cultural diversity. Located at the center of eight North Eastern states, the state of Assam is traversed by the great river systems viz the Brahmaputra and the Barak along with their numerous tributaries. Its unique location at the confluence of Indo-Malayan, Indo-Chinese and Indian bio-geographical regions has generated a profusion of natural ecosystems, which harbors diverse biota with high level of endemism. WWF has identified the entire Eastern Himalaya as priority global 200 Eco-region. The entire region is also part of ‘Himalaya’ and ‘Indo-Burma’ global biodiversity hotspots.The region can broadly be categorized into the Eastern Himalaya, Northeast hills and Brahmaputra & Barak plains.

Luxuriant natural forest landscapes coupled with the network of protected areas in Assam support a very rich floral & faunal diversity -starting from the lower groups like butterflies & moths, amphibians, reptiles, large number of resident and migratory birds to some of the globally endangered mammalian species like –Asian Elephant, Indian Rhino, Tiger, Asiatic Water Buffalo, Clouded leopard, Eastern & Western Hoolock gibbon etc. Golden langur, Hispid hare & Pigmy hog are representative of some of the endemic species found only in the state. The world famous Kaziranga National Park alone holds the highest density of globally endangered Indian Rhino and Tiger in the world. The fresh water riverine habitats supports rich indigenous fish and other aquatic life-forms - the most notable is our national aquatic animal- the Gangetic River Dolphin. The World’s largest fresh water river island ‘Majuli’ is also located in the Brahmaputra river of the state. 

Assam is also rich in agricultural practices with rich gene pool of cultivated crops, sericulture, apiculture and horticulture. The region is said to be the origin of Citrus fruit. It is the home of cosmopolitan population of many tribal and non tribal communities with their traditional culture and practices.
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